Skip to main content

TIES 2009: Robert Marzano Keynote:

Dr. Robert Marzano, led off the second day of the TIES 2009 Conference with a keynote desscribing his research on Interactive White Boards. (IWB) His research was funded by Promethean, and they were a major sponsor of the event. That said, here were some highlights of his talk. Overall, he was less dry than what you see on the ASCD videos.
He started with a general impression of research and looking for the “Silver Bullet.” It doesnt' exist, but we may find “silver beebies!” IWB's may be one of those.
"What will revolutionize education is when we start using what we know works. "
IWB, Student Acheivement, and Engagement Marzano started by talking about Seymour Pappert and "Mindstorms." We’ve come a long way since.
Papert often asked the question, "If Rip Van Winkel had gone to sleep in 1880 and woken up in 1980 if he walked into an operating room, it would look different, but "What about a classroom?" Not so much. Marzano asked, "What would happen if Rip woke up today? Would it look different? Maybe some."
Can tech offer teachers strategies they never had, or students experiences they never had?
Read the Report at He then went on to discuss the numbers from the study.
Phase I
85 teachers used the board with one class and without in another. On average, use of IWB showed a 17% gain. Corrective measures would need 3655 studies showing the opposite for it to be invalid. Fairly good data.
A meta analysis of educational reform studies from Borman showed that a gain of 6%, compared with Marzano’s.
35% of effect sizes were below 0.

The effect size went up to 29% when IWB's were used 75 to 80% of the time, but down if more.
Variables taken together:
Teacher experienced
Teacher has used tech for a long time,
75% in class
“You can’t give technology to teachers and automatically expect it to improve instruction.”
Phase II.
A review of video tapes of teachers in Phase I..
Variables analyzed
Teacher IWB skills
Student IWB skills-Not enough data
Multiple student use of IWB
Student independence of IWB
Use of IWB inforcers
Voting/response systems
IWB Reinforcers-Immediate Feedback
-Those in bold had the largest effect.

Engagement-At any time, there is always a battle between working memory and outside influence. “Great teachers don’t have students engaged all the time, but they recognize that and work to get them engaged.” What can we do to get them engaged:
Games, Inconsequential competion, pacing, humor, physical movement, manage questions and response rates, friendly controversy, opportunities for students to talk about themselves
IWB Reinforcers must focus on the content. Make sure the content is important to the learning goal.
Response Rate options
Wait time
Think pair share
Vote w/ hands
Vote w/ feet
Individual white boards
Voting technology
Type in responses-Student responses become part of the curriculum.

"In 5 to 10 years, Classroom Instruction
that works will need to be re-written.
" (
Why not now?)
Ned Flanders talk in the classroom quote.
Using imagery rather than text or verbal can go along way. (Then he went on to break those rules later in some of his slides)
Demonstrated an interactive site for the digestive system. (Good)
BrainPop for a 5 minute clip to demonstrate.
Called Richard Mayer the best researcher around right now. Multi-Media Learning.
People learn better from words and pictures better than words alone.
Reduce the cognitive overload. Get rid of sounds, graphics, and words that distract from the essential. Gave examples of Too Much Information!
Place keywords next to the relevant graphic. Presentation Zen would agree with this.
What does engagement look like:
The flow between Working memory….Sensory Memory…Permanent memory.
Critical Instruction Sequence
  • Previewing
  • Chunking-
  • Scaffolding
  • Pacing
  • Students Interacting with Content
  • Monitor-Feedback
  • Reflecting and Summarizing (KWL good for this)

Marzano finished by asking the question about whether if you had the resources for Interactive White Boards or 1:1 laptops which would you fund?
His response: "Why not both?!"
Marzano certainly played to the crowd to an extent, and people were excited to hear him validate the potential of educational technology. Some in the audience commented on Twitter that Marzano's research was not "peer reviewed," and that "the research didn't show that IWB's were any better than just a projector in the classroom." In reflecting after the talk, I think that what Marzano was saying is that any instructional strategy, if done well, will result in student improvement. And any instructional strategy, if done poorly, will have little or negative affect (Though his data may say otherwise.)


Jon Becker said…
Marzano's "research" has been peer-reviewed, though not in conventional ways. I did a 5-part critique on my blog. The "study" is abysmal. He's going around the country speaking about data that are meaningless. Please review what I wrote. Here's the first of 5 parts:
Unknown said…
Jon, Thanks for the link. Adds a lot of "backstory" to the keynote. Much apreciated!

Popular posts from this blog

Educon 2.1: Panel Discussion on Educational Change and Reform

The Sunday panel moderated by Andy Carvin, National Public Radio , focussed on Education Change. The panel included: David Bromley -- Regional Director, Big Picture Schools Chris Lehmann -- Principal, Science Leadership Academy Marc Mannella -- Principal, KIPP Philadelphia Bette Manchester -- Former State Educational Technology Director, Maine Gary Stager-- Executive Director of the Constructivist Consortium Mike Wang -- Executive Director of Teach For America Greater Philadelphia January 29-31, 2009 Educon 2.2 announced Save the Date!! Here is a clip from the session . Carvin asked each on the panel give an "Opening Statement". What does School Reform Look Like now that we have a new President in the White House. Lehmann -"I am hopeful", That data driven decision making recognizes that the best data we have on our students is the work that they do in the classroom every day. Mannella -Explained that KIPP schools fundamental belief that "All of us WILL Learn

Notes on EduCon 2.1 Opening Panel Discussion: What is the Purpose of School?

The "Official" opening to Educon 2.1 featured a panel discussion on "the purpose of school" at the Franklin Institute. Panel Members included: Joel Arquillos -Executive Director of 826LA (Writing workshops) -his boss has now started “ Once upon a School ”, a program paring classroom teachers with adult community members. Dr. Molefi Asante -Professor, African American Studies, Temple University (1st African American Studies program in U.S.) Kendall Crolius -Founding Partner, The Sulevia Group, also affiliated w/Heifer International Jeff Han -Founder, Perceptive Pixel and inventor of the Multi-Touch Screen (iPhone users were genuflecting in his presence!) Prakash Nair -Co-Founder, Fielding Nair International- Archetects and Change Agents for Education Dr. Steven Squyres -Principal Investigator, Mars Exploration Rover Mission Diane Castelbuono Deputy Secretary for Elementary and Secondary Education PA Department of Education Moderator-Frederic Bertley -Vice Pr

Nos Chemins vers la paix: Award Winning Video!

Valley View Middle School French Imersion teacher, Heather Palmer created this award winning video, Nos Chemins vers la paix , for the Tel.A.Vision " Vision For America " Contest. Photo and video editing at Powered by One True Media , allows students to create videos that share their vision for the future. Heather wanted to use this video to promote the Wiki she and her students created for "6 Billion Paths to Peace." On the wiki, Palmer states: Our project was inspired by the program " Six Billion Paths to Peace ", an initiative of the Shinnyo-en foundation. We like the challenge the program offers us: commit to making a difference in this moment, in this day, in this lifetime! Palmer received her award last week at the National Service Learning Conference, in Nashville, TN. Way to go, Heather! NOTE: A few weeks ago while looking at the copyright free music available on the site, I notice a cover of the "Spin